The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) Saint Domingue, now called Haiti, was controlled by the French and had the largest enslaved population in the Caribbean. Slavery here was as harsh as anywhere- enslaved Africans were over-worked, often underfed, whipped and denied their rights, all of which prompted the successful Haitian Revolution. •
Timeline of Main Events:
October, 1790- Vincent Ogé led a rebellion against planters’ refusal to grant free men of colour citizenship, as decreed by the National Assembly of France. However, the resistance was quickly crushed.
August, 1791-1801- Enslaved Africans attacked plantation buildings with hooks, machetes and torches. Within the space of two months, the rebels had burned more than one thousand plantations. Toussaint L'Ouverture emerged as their leader and rebellion continued.
1793- Sonthonax, a French General declared emancipation of slaves in St. Domingue. Subsequently, the British arrived and attempted to conquer the and re-enslave the colony.
1798- after a series of defeats by L’Overture’s forces, Britain withdrew.
1801- L’Overture expanded the revolution beyond Haiti, conquering the neighboring Spanish colony of Santo Domingo. There, he abolished slavery and declared himself Governor-General for life over the entire island of Hispaniola.
1802- L’Ouverture was captured by Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops.
1803- L’Ouverture died. His close fried, Jean- Jacques Dessalines led the Battle of Vertieres defeating the French Forces.
1804- Dessalines declared St. Dominque independent and renamed it Haiti. •
The Haitian Revolution is considered significant because it resulted in Haiti becoming the first black republic of the world and the second nation in the Western Hemisphere to win its independence from a European power. •
Image 1: history buff.com
Image 2:Ceremonie du Bois-Caiman by Andre Normil (1990).
Image 3: www.friendsoffelicite.co.uk
Image 4: Inigo Barlow
Image 5:Portrait Drawing of Vincent Ogé | The Louvre Project
Image 6: Monument of Toussaint L’Ouverture in Quebec
Image 7: blackpast.org